Ostrich oil was prescribed by the Egyptians, ancient Romans and Africans in the treatment of skin ulcers, skin dryness, burns, eczema, psoriasis, joint pain, hair regrowth, bed sores, burning, acne and leg heel restoration.
Ostrich oil today has been used extensively in cosmetics. It has moisturizing, anti-inflammatory, and anti-skin-allergic properties  that is useful for treatment of human and animal diseases. This oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids. According to many reports, this type of fatty acids plays a role in restoration of cellular membrane phospholipids and improves cellular function
. This oil is very useful in reducing inflammation and pain and regenerating the skin  and is free of side effects on the skin.
Ostrich oil is beneficial to the human body due to the essential fatty acids of omega-3, 6, 7, 9. For example, omega is essential for the growth and regulation of body metabolism, enhancing the transfer of fatty acids from the liver to tissues and maintaining the regeneration process, and these fatty acids, due to their beneficial properties, are increasingly effective in refreshing and improving the skin  .Researches show that when used topically, Linoleic Acid has anti-inflammatory properties, wrinkle removing, and moisturizer . Omega-3 fatty acids also reduce blood pressure [12, 13], stroke , Relieving inflammation of the joints [15, 16], and cancer prevention .
In addition, omega 9 in this oil plays an important role in preventing breast cancer and promoting inflammatory responses. These fatty acids play an important role in the production of prostaglandins, which have the beneficial effects on the skin health, and are essential for the improvement and growth of the skin cellules . The similarity between the fatty acids found in human skin and fatty acids in ostrich oil make this oil an amazing ingredient for healing and treatment of skin lesions.
These effects of ostrich oil are also characterized by its fine micro-molecule, low melting point and high speed absorbency into the skin and it does not block the pores of the skin too [2, 3, 13].
High absorbency and not blocking of skin pores (mostly due to the high amount of oleic acid present in it, and the absence of phosphorus) distinguishes this product from other creams and curing products. The high permeability of ostrich oil contributes to the ability to penetrate the skin’s under layers and so freshness and the health of the skin [9, 8, 7, 6].
This oil has bacteriostatic properties that prevent bacterial growth, and various experiments have shown that bacteria do not grow in ostrich raw oil [14, 15].
Beauty and skin rejuvenation
Ostrich oil is a very good skin moisturizer [10, 11]. This case, along with other protective properties of ostrich oil, prevents the aging process of the skin .
Researchers believe that the unique combination of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in ostrich oil is the reason for the ability to keep water on the surface of the skin. It is recommended for people who suffer from excessive dryness of the skin.
Ostrich Oil Ingredients and their effects on the Diseases Treatment
Fatty Acids are actually carboxylic acids (COOH) that have an aliphatic no split long tail, and they are CH2-CH2, which in general can represent the structure of fatty acids as n(CH2)-COOH, which because of the synthesis mechanism of these molecules (caused by the pre-production of two carbon), Coefficient “n” is in a pairwise (up to 28) ratio. The main difference in the different fatty acids is in their aliphatic tail, so that in a group of fatty acids called saturated, there is no double bond in this tail and their structure is CH2-CH2. The group includes lyric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and arachidic acid.
The other group of fatty acids called unsaturated fatty acids, there are double bonds in their structure, and their structure contains CH = CH. The group itself can be divided into two groups based on the number of double bonds in their structure, the first group has only one double-bond (monounsaturated fatty acid ,Myristholic Acid, Palmitoleic Acid, and Sapinic Acid), and the second group contains 2 Or multiple doubled-binds (Polyunsaturated fatty acids are linoleic acid, arachidonic acid, and ureic acid) .
OSTRICH FATTY ACIDS IN DETAILS Meristic acid (0.8 % in ostrich oil)
Myristic acid is a saturated fatty acid with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)12COOH. This acid is also known as tetradecanoic acid, with a molar mass of 228.37092 g / mol. Myristic acid is found in palm kernel oil, coconut oil, butter and a small fraction of many other animal fats . Also is found in white wax and whale sperm. Myristic acid in the kinase-dependent receptor promotes the transfer of the enzymes. This acid has high hydrophobicity.
Linolenic Acid, classifies as omega-3, (1.8% in ostrich oil)
Omega-3 fatty acids are a family of unsaturated fatty acids, with their first double bond between the third and fourth carbon in the carbon chain. Omega3 acids are essential for regulating the body's activities, but they are not made in the body. There are three major types of omega-3 fatty acids: ”ALA” in some vegetables and walnuts, and “EPA” and “DHA”, which are found in some fish like salmon, which are very important in terms of nutrition. Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) all have polyunsaturated effects. The human body does not have the ability to synthesize n-3 fatty acids from other molecules, but can form the 20 and 22 carbon chain of unsaturated n-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA from the 8 carbon short chain ALA. The lower this acid in the body the more fatty liver and skin ulcers.
Pentadecanoic acid (0.3 % in ostrich oil)
Pentadecanoic acid is a saturated fatty acid. Its molecular formula is CH3(Ch2)13COOH. It is rare in nature, being found at the level of 1.2% in the milk fat from cows. The butterfat in cow’s milk is its major dietary source.
Palmitic acid (26.8 % in ostrich oil)
The most famous saturated fatty acid found in animal, plants and microorganisms. The molecular formula is CH3(CH2)14CO2H. As it is obvious from the name, it is the main component of the oil derived from the palm tree, but it can also be found in butters and dairy cheeses and meat. The other name is hexadecanoic acid.
Heptadecanoic acid (0.2 % in ostrich oil)
Heptadecanoic acid is a saturated fatty acid. Its molecular formula is CH3(CH2)15COOH. It occurs as a trace component of the fat and milkfat of ruminants, but it does not occur in any natural animal or vegetable fat at high concentrations. its other name is margaric acid.
Stearic acid (6.1 % in ostrich oil)
Saturated fatty acid with 18 carbon chains, its shape is waxy and its chemical formula is CH3 (CH2) 16CO2H. This acid is found naturally in nature. This acid isused in the production of detergents, soap, cosmetic shampoos and shaving creams.
Oleic acid , classified as omega-9 fatty acid (39.4 % in ostrich oil)
Oleic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid that occurs naturally in various animal and vegetable fats and oils. It is odorless and colorless oil .. In chemical terms, oleic acid is classified as a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid. Ostrich oil is a very good source of this omega-9 oil .
Arachidic acid (0.1 % in ostrich oil)
A saturated acid with 20 carbon chains. This acid is the main ingredient in almond and corn oil. This acid is used in the production of detergents and lubricants. The other name is eicosanoic acid.
Eicosenoic Acid , classified as omega-9 fatty acid (0.4 % in ostrich oil) Eicosenoic acid, also called gondoic acid, is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid found in a variety of plant oils and nuts; in particular jojoba oil.
Palmitoleic Acid, classified as omega-7 fatty acid (8.3 % in ostrich oil) Palmitoleic acid, or hexadec-9-enoic acid, is an omega-7 monounsaturated fatty acid with the formula CH3(CH2)5CH=CH(CH2)7COOH that is a common constituent of the glycerides of human adipose tissue. It is present in all tissues but, in general, found in higher concentrations in the liver.
Linoleic Acid, classified as omega-6 (14.2 % in ostrich oil)
Linoleic acid is a polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid and is one of two essential fatty acids for humans, who must obtain it through their diet or skin absorption.
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